Automatic Generation of Replication Topology

Posted: August 24, 2012 in Active Directory, DNS, Server, Server 2003, Server 2008
Tags: , , , , , , ,

Introduction

When you add domain controllers to a site, Active Directory uses the Knowledge Consistency Checker (KCC) to establish a replication path between domain controllers.

 

What is Knowledge Consistency Checker?

The KCC is a built-in process that runs on each domain controller and generates the replication topology for all directory partitions contained on that domain controller. The KCC runs at specified intervals (every 15 minutes by default) and designates replication routes between domain controllers that are the most favorable connections available at the time.

 

How KCC works?

To automatically generate a replication topology, the KCC evaluates information in the configuration partition on sites, the cost of sending data between these sites, any existing connection objects, and the replication protocols that can be used between the sites. Next, the KCC calculates the best connections for a domain controller’s directory partitions to other domain controllers. Additionally, if replication within a site becomes impossible or has a single point of failure, the KCC automatically establishes new connection objects between domain controllers to maintain Active Directory replication.

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