Archive for August 10, 2011

.NET Framework 3.0


Provides .NET Framework 3.0 APIs for application development. Additional sub features include .NET Framework 3.0 Features, XPS Viewer, and Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) Activation Components.


Bit Locker Drive Encryption


Provides hardware-based security to protect data through full-volume encryption that prevents disk tampering while the operating system is offline. Computers that have Trusted Platform Module (TPM) can use BitLocker Drive Encryption in Startup Key or TPM-only mode. Both modes provide early integrity validation.


Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS) Server Extensions


Provides intelligent background transfers. When this feature is installed, the server can act as a BITS server that can receive file uploads by clients. This feature isn’t necessary for downloads to clients using BITS.


Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK)


Provides functionality for generating Connection Manager Profiles.


Desktop Experience


Provides additional Windows Vista desktop functionality on the server. Windows Vista features added include Windows Media Player, desktop themes, and Windows Photo Gallery. Although these features allow a server to be used like a desktop computer, they can reduce the server’s overall performance.


Failover Clustering


Provides clustering functionality that allows multiple servers to work together to provide high availability for services and applications. Many types of services can be clustered, including file and print services. Messaging and database servers are ideal candidates for clustering.


Group Policy Management


Installs the Group Policy Management Console (GPMC), which provides centralized administration of Group Policy.


Internet Printing Client


Provides functionality that allows clients to use HTTP to connect to printers on Web print servers.


Internet Storage Name Server (iSNS)


Provides management and server functions for Internet SCSI (iSCSI) devices, allowing the server to process registration requests, de-registration requests, and queries from iSCSI devices.


Line Printer Remote (LPR) Port Monitor


Installs the LPR Port Monitor, which allows printing to devices attached to UNIX-based computers.


Message Queuing


Provides management and server functions for distributed message queuing. A group of related sub features is available as well.


Multipath I/O (MPIO)


Provides functionality necessary for using multiple data paths to a storage device.


Network Load Balancing (NLB)


NLB provides failover support and load balancing for IP-based applications and services by distributing incoming application requests among a group of participating servers. Web servers are ideal candidates for load balancing.


Peer Name Resolution Protocol (PNRP)


Provides Link-Local Multicast Name Resolution (LLMNR) functionality that allows peer-to-peer name-resolution services. When you install this feature, applications running on the server can register and resolve names using LLMNR.


Remote Assistance


Allows a remote user to connect to the server to provide or receive Remote Assistance.


Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT)


Installs role- and feature-management tools that can be used for remote administration of other Windows Server 2008 systems. Options for individual tools are provided or you can install tools by top-level category or subcategory.


Removable Storage Manager (RSM)


Installs the Removable Storage Manager tool, which you can use to manage removable media and removable media devices.


Remote Procedure Call (RPC) over HTTP Proxy


Installs a proxy for relaying RPC messages from client applications over HTTP to the server. RPC over HTTP is an alternative to having clients access the server over a VPN connection.


Simple TCP/IP Services


Installs additional TCP/IP services, including Character Generator, Daytime, Discard, Echo, and Quote of the Day.


Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) Server


SMTP is a network protocol for controlling the transfer and routing of e-mail messages. When this feature is installed, the server can act as a basic SMTP server. For a full-featured solution, you’ll need to install a messaging server such as Microsoft Exchange Server 2007.


Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) Services


SNMP is a protocol used to simplify management of TCP/IP networks. You can use SNMP for centralized network management if your network has SNMP-compliant devices. You can also use SNMP for network monitoring via network management software.


Storage Manager For SANs


Installs the Storage Manager for SANs console. This console provides a central management interface for storage area network (SAN) devices. You can view storage subsystems, create and manage logical unit numbers (LUNs), and manage iSCSI target devices. The SAN device must support Visual Disk Services (VDS).


Subsystem for UNIX based Applications (SUA)


Provides functionality for running UNIX-based programs. You can download additional management utilities from the Microsoft Web site.


Windows Internal Database


Installs SQL Server 2005 Embedded Edition. This allows the server to use relational databases with Windows roles and features that require an internal database, such as AD RMS, UDDI Services, Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), Windows SharePoint Services, and Windows System Resource Manager.


Windows PowerShell


Installs Windows PowerShell, which provides an enhanced command-line environment for managing Windows systems.


Windows Process Activation Service


Provides support for distributed Web-based applications that use HTTP and non-HTTP protocols.


Windows Recovery Environment


You can use the recovery environment to restore a server using recovery options if you cannot access recovery options provided by the server manufacturer.


Windows Server Backup


Allows you to back up and restore the operating system, system state, and any data stored on a server.


Windows System Resource Manager (WSRM)


Allows you to manage resource usage on a per-processor basis.


WINS Server


WINS is a name-resolution service that resolves computer names to IP addresses. Installing this feature allows the computer to act as a WINS server.


Wireless Networking


Allows the server to use wireless networking connections and profiles.


Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS)


AD CS provides functions necessary for issuing and revoking digital certificates for users, client computers, and servers. Includes these role services: Certification Authority, Certification Authority Web Enrollment, Online Certificate Status Protocol, and Microsoft Simple Certificate Enrollment Protocol (MSCEP).


Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS)


AD DS provides functions necessary for storing information about users, groups, computers, and other objects on the network and makes this information available to users and computers. Domain controllers give network users and computers access to permitted resources on the network.


Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS)


AD FS complements the authentication and access management features of AD DS by extending them to the World Wide Web. Includes these role services and subservices: Federation Service, Federation Service Proxy, AD FS Web Agents, Claims-Aware Agent, and Windows Token-Based Agent.


Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS)


AD LDS provides a data store for directory-enabled applications that do not require AD DS and do not need to be deployed on domain controllers. Does not include additional role services.


Active Directory Rights Management Services (AD RMS)


AD RMS provides controlled access to protected e-mail messages, documents, intranet Web pages, and other types of fi les. Includes these role services: Active Directory Rights Management Server and Identity Federation Support.


Application Server


Application Server allows a server to host distributed applications built using ASP.NET, Enterprise Services, and .NET Framework 3.0. Includes more than a dozen role services.


DHCP Server


DHCP provides centralized control over Internet Protocol (IP) addressing. DHCP servers can assign dynamic IP addresses and essential TCP/IP settings to other computers on a network. Does not include additional role services.


DNS Server


DNS is a name resolution system that resolves computer names to IP addresses. DNS servers are essential for name resolution in Active Directory domains. Does not include additional role services.


Fax Server


Fax Server provides centralized control over sending and receiving faxes in the enterprise. A fax server can act as a gateway for faxing and allows you to manage fax resources, such as jobs and reports, and fax devices on the server or on the network. Does not include additional role services.


File Services


File Services provide essential services for managing fi les and the way they are made available and replicated on the network. A number of server roles require some type of fi le service. Includes these role services and subservices: File Server, Distributed File System, DFS Namespace, DFS Replication, File Server Resource Manager, Services for Network File System (NFS), Windows Search Service, Windows Server 2003 File Services, File Replication Service (FRS), and Indexing Service.


Network Policy And Access Services (NPAS)


NPAS provides essential services for managing routing and remote access to networks. Includes these role services: Network Policy Server (NPS), Routing And Remote Access Services (RRAS), Remote Access Service, Routing, Health Registration Authority, and Host Credential Authorization Protocol (HCAP).


Print Services


Print Services provide essential services for managing network printers and print drivers. Includes these role services: Print Server, LPD Service, and Internet Printing.


Terminal Services


Terminal Services provide services that allow users to run Windows-based applications that are installed on a remote server. When users run an application on a terminal server, the execution and processing occur on the server, and only the data from the application is transmitted over the network. Includes these role services: Terminal Server, TS Licensing, TS Session Broker, TS Gateway, and TS Web Access.


Universal Description Discovery Integration (UDDI) Services


UDDI provides capabilities for sharing information about Web services both within an organization and between organizations. Includes these role services


Web Server (IIS)


Web Server (IIS) is used to host Web sites and Web-based applications. Web sites hosted on a Web server can have both static content and dynamic content. You can build Web applications hosted on a Web server using ASP.NET and .NET Framework 3.0. When you deploy a Web server, you can manage the server configuration using IIS 7.0 modules and administration tools.


Windows Deployment Services (WDS)


WDS provides services for deploying Windows computers in the enterprise. Includes these role services: Deployment Server and Transport Server.


Windows SharePoint Services


Windows SharePoint Services enable team collaboration by connecting people and information. A SharePoint server is essentially a Web server running a full installation of IIS and using managed applications that provide the necessary collaboration functionality.


Windows Server Update Services


Microsoft Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) allows you to distribute updates that are released through Microsoft Update to computers in your organization using centralized servers rather than individual updates.